20 May 2019

FLAME RETARDANTS AFFECT FEMALE AND MALE FERTILITY

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FLAME RETARDANTS AFFECT FEMALE AND MALE FERTILITY 

A study conducted by Harvard researchers was published in August 2017.

It found that women with higher urinary concentrations of organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) had reduced likelihood of getting pregnant using (IVF).

PFRs are a group of chemicals that are used in yoga mats, sofas, car seats, and other types of furniture made of polyurethane foam in order to make them heat-resistant, and hence less flammable.

The study analyzed urine samples from 211 women undergoing IVF at Massachusetts General Hospital Fertility Center, Boston, Massachusetts, between 2005 and 2015.

On checking the women’s urine samples for metabolites of PFRs, the researchers found that 87 percent had bis (1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate, 94 percent had diphenyl phosphate (DPHP), and 80 percent had isopropylphenyl phenyl phosphate (ip-PPP) in them.

The women with higher concentrations of DPHP and ip-PPP were 10 percent less likely to achieve fertilization; experience 31 percent reduction in successful embryo implantation; 41 percent possible decrease in achieving pregnancy; and were 38 percent less likely to deliver a healthy newborn than those with lower concentrations, the study found.

An earlier study published in the journal Endocrine Disruptors noted that men who come in contact with PFR chemicals on a daily basis could risk having decreased sperm motility.

Couples struggling with infertility can  improve their chances of success by reducing their exposure to environmental chemicals may want to opt for products that are flame-retardant free.

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